¿Cómo se utiliza la estimulación en un programa preescolar terapéutico?

Prompting is a commonly used strategy with children on the autism spectrum to build positive behaviors. A prompt can be either a verbal cue or a gesture to encourage a particular behavior. This strategy can be used in a variety of settings, including at home with parents, in school or a therapeutic preschool program, or a clinical setting in ABA therapy. There are many specific types of prompts, including gestural, modeling, physical (full and partial), verbal, and visual.

Why is prompting used?
Every child learns and processes information at a different pace, and some children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often require additional support to reach their developmental milestones. As a result, many parents determine that applied behavior analysis (ABA therapy) or a therapeutic preschool program can provide the additional support that their child needs. Throughout the therapeutic process, parents, teachers, and therapists may utilize prompting to teach children new skills (particularly skills that pose challenges for the child).

¿Cuándo se utiliza la estimulación?
Las indicaciones pueden utilizarse cuando un niño tiene dificultades para aprender una nueva habilidad. Si un niño que participa en un programa terapéutico de preescolar experimenta retrasos en sus habilidades de lenguaje receptivo, su profesor puede utilizar indicaciones para ayudarle a seguir instrucciones (un ejemplo de lenguaje receptivo). En este ejemplo, el profesor puede decirle primero al alumno que señale su osito de peluche. A continuación, el profesor puede llevar la mano del niño para que señale el osito, si responde bien a las indicaciones físicas.

If you decide to use prompting in a therapeutic preschool program or ABA therapy, it is important to first assess the learning style, abilities, and needs of the child. Remember, not every child will benefit from the same methods of prompting. When developing a treatment plan for a child, full family involvement can help ensure that the child receives the most comprehensive care possible. Parents are the experts on their children, so they can provide helpful insights into the behaviors and needs of their child. If parents are involved in the treatment, they can also use prompting at home. By using prompts in both a therapeutic preschool setting (or clinical ABA therapy setting) and home setting, the child will receive additional practice with these skills. Consistency is key when acquiring new skills!

¿Cree que su hijo podría beneficiarse de un programa de preescolar terapéutico o de estimulación? Póngase en contacto con la Academia CST en el 773-620-7800 o haga clic en el botón púrpura de abajo para obtener más información sobre nuestro programa preescolar terapéutico de Chicago.