Unique Learning Challenges Associated with ASD

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience challenges in learning, as they process information in a unique way. As we continue to learn about the autism spectrum and related developmental delays, we have a better understanding of these challenges, resulting in more effective methods of intervention. Below is a list of common learning challenges that are associated with ASD. Many of these areas can be addressed through applied behavior analysis (ABA therapy), which is an evidence-based method for building positive behaviors (and resolving problematic behaviors).

Atención
Los niños con TEA tienden a centrarse en los objetos o en otra información no social, como las luces o los patrones. Esto se compara con los niños que siguen un desarrollo típico, que son mucho más conscientes y prestan más atención a las personas y a sus gestos, caras y voces. Los programas terapéuticos pueden ayudar a dirigir a los niños con TEA para que interactúen y se relacionen con las personas que les rodean, incluidos los compañeros, los profesores y los terapeutas.

Social Motivation
Usually, children who follow typical development want to share experiences with other peers in the classroom. However, children with ASD tend to lack the motivation to participate in social interactions. They normally prefer spending time alone. Therapeutic programs can help children with ASD interact with their peers through activities such as circle time, art, and gross motor play.

Uso de los gestos
A los niños con autismo puede resultarles difícil entender y responder a los gestos comunicativos. También puede resultarles difícil utilizar los gestos para comunicarse con los demás. En la terapia de grupo, tendrán la oportunidad de contar con apoyo para expresar lo que hacen y compartir esas experiencias con sus compañeros dentro del aula.

Imitation
Children on the autism spectrum often struggle with imitating sounds and actions of others (which is an important stage of early childhood development). In a therapeutic preschool program, children will receive one-on-one attention from therapists and teachers who can help them to develop imitation skills through activities such as pretend play or reading.

Arousal and Sensory Sensitivities
Children with autism can be easily overstimulated. This can result in sensitivities to light, touches, and sounds. Within therapeutic programs, there are opportunities for children on the spectrum to participate in sensory activities that can help with their sensitivities. This might be achieved through sensory integration exercises.

Los niños con TEA son muy capaces de aprender, sólo que tienen una forma diferente de hacerlo. Estos niños suelen responder bien a las estrategias que tienen en cuenta sus estilos de aprendizaje únicos y, con los programas terapéuticos, pueden superar muchos de sus retos y estar más comprometidos y motivados socialmente.

 

If you have further questions regarding autism and therapeutic preschool programs, contact CST Academy by clicking the purple button below or calling 773-620-7800. We also provide a wide range of services including speech therapy, occupational therapy and ABA therapy.